Drug and substance abuse is one of the major issues that are affecting the society that we are living in today. It occurs mostly when individuals use these substances uncontrollably. It can take quite a while for someone to realize that they are already addicted to a given substance. Nowadays, most of the people who are drug addicts are young people who may develop these habits in high school and especially because of peer pressure. This is a worrying trend as it can take a lot of time for someone to fully recover from substance abuse. The brain’s reward system can end up being corrupted by the continuous use of these drugs. Addiction can originate from use and abuse of substance like alcohol, morphine and even hard drugs such as cocaine.
Alcohol is one of the major things people get addicted to as it is not hard to find. Alcohol addicts depend so much on it such that it is hard to function without using it. Drug addicts usually feel reinforced after substance use and abuse. As a result, a habit of drug dependence develops. Dependence, in this case, is the state that an addict adapts to, that is associated with withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of the repeated exposure to these drugs. This is a very risky state in the life of an addict. Substance use is known to give the addict a rewarding feeling which the brain may understand it as something that is desirable or even intrinsically positive.
Disorders may arise as a result of use and abuse of drugs leading to conditions that are clinical, such as distress and other impairments. A person who is addicted to substance abuse may continue seeking pleasure from the drugs and they presume them to be desirable, pleasurable and even inherently positive.
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There are however possibilities of recovering from drug and substance abuse since there are treatment mechanisms they can adapt to. The main rule in recovery process is that one doesn’t recover from an addiction by stopping use of the drugs but rather by creating a new life where it is easier to not use. One of the main ways of treating addiction is by use of medication such as naltrexone. This medication is purely meant to help an addict in reducing their dependence on a given substance.
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Addiction recovery is a process. This is especially because those recovering have to avoid high-risk situations as they create a new life for themselves and such risks may include being hungry, angry, tired and even lonely. Such situations may bring cravings that can lead to a person going back to substance abuse.